Brain injury has several primary causes, including physical trauma, stroke or brain bleed, drug or alcohol abuse, poisoning, tumor and suffocation. It can also be attributed to diseases like Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s or Multiple Sclerosis. A brain injury can be the result of either an open or closed injury to the head. Primary causes can lead to many secondary complications, such as bleeding, blood clots, increased intracranial pressure, oxygen starvation, swelling, and epilepsy.

Long-term effects of brain injury vary from person to person. Victims of a brain injury may experience long term effects like medical difficulties, impaired physical and sensory abilities, and changes in cognition, behavior, personality and communication. 

Not all head injuries result in traumatic brain injuries, but sometimes even a seemingly minor injury can cause one. A simple head injury may lead to swelling or bleeding in the brain, which can compound the problem. 

People can have injuries to their head without acquiring a brain injury. Alternatively, the brain can be injured with little or no visible injury to the head. Injuries to another part other parts of the body can lead to blood loss or oxygen starvation in the brain.

Any one of the symptoms can alter or devastate a person’s life, and brain injury is made all the more difficult by the fact that it’s often hard to see and just as often misdiagnosed or dismissed as “personality problems” or a perceived mental disorder. But in fact, it is a serious and legitimate illness where sufferers deserve all the help and support they can get.

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